12 Facts About Labrador Retrievers
Some facts about America’s favorite dog breed.
1. THEY’RE AMERICA’S FAVORITE BREED.
According to the American Kennel Club, the breed has taken the top spot in its rankings of most popular breeds for 24 consecutive years—the longest reign of any breed in AKC history.
2. LABS WERE ORIGINALLY USED FOR FISHING.
Labrador retrievers were bred to be the perfect water dogs: They have water-resistant double coats that provide insulation, and their short fur keeps them warm but doesn’t drag them down when it gets wet. Their webbed toes facilitate speedy swimming. Fishermen used the dogs to bring in nets, pull ropes between boats, and recover escaped fish.
3. THEIR NAME IS A LITTLE MISLEADING.
Labrador retrievers actually come from Newfoundland, not Labrador. In the 18th century, Greater Newfoundland dogs bred with smaller water dogs to produce St. John’s water dogs. These smaller canines looked a lot like modern day Labs, but with white muzzles and paws. The St. John’s water dog eventually went extinct, but it served as the ancestor for the Labrador retriever.
4. THE EARL OF MALMESBURY MIGHT HAVE NAMED THEM.
The Earl brought these dogs home with him to England after a trip to Canada, and referred to his new pups as “Labrador dogs” in 1887. Since Newfoundland and Labrador are geographically close, many historians suspect the name is a result of the British commonly lumping the territories together and referring to the whole mass as Labrador. Others believe the name was a nod to the fact that the dogs were often seen swimming in the Labrador Sea.
5. CANADIAN TAX LAWS HELPED LABS BECOME A DISTINCT BREED.
A combination of new taxes on dogs in Canada and a quarantine of animals imported into England caused the sale of St. John’s water dogs there to come to a screeching halt. Eventually, these original labs went extinct in Canada, but the breed survived in Great Britain thanks to kennels in Scotland. Labs were finally recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1903.
6. THEY’RE FAST!
Labrador retrievers are known for their ability to sprint. They can hit 12 miles an hour in just three seconds.
7. YOU CAN GET ALL THREE COLORS IN ONE LITTER.
Regardless of the parents’ color, a single litter can include black, yellow, and chocolate puppies. There are two genes that cause the pigmentation of the coat, so the variation can be just as common as different hair colors in a human family.
8. A NAMELESS BLACK LAB WANDERED HIS WAY INTO A LED ZEPPELIN SONG.
If you read the lyrics to Led Zeppelin’s “Black Dog,” you’ll notice it’s mysteriously not about dogs at all. The band named the song after a black Labrador that was wandering around the Headley Grange studio while they were recording the album Led Zeppelin IV.
9. A LAB WENT TO JAIL …
After killing the cat belonging to Pennsylvania Governor Gifford Pinchot’s wife, a black Labrador retriever named Pep was sentenced to life without parole. The pooch was admitted to the Eastern State Penitentiary on August 12, 1924 and did about 10 years of hard time, during the course of which he became good friends with the warden. Although it sounds like an urban legend, prison records support the story. (Pinchot, for his part, said the dog was sent there to be the prisoners’ mascot.)
10. … AND ANOTHER BECAME A MAYOR.
OK—honorary mayor. In 1981, a black Labrador mix named Bosco won the election to be the honorary mayor of Sunol, Calif., beating out two human candidates for the job. Bosco ran as a “Re’pup’lican” and used the slogan “A bone in every dish, a cat in every tree, and a fire hydrant on every corner.” The punny platform appealed to the residents of Sunol, and Bosco remained the mayor until he died in 1994.
11. LABS ARE THE MOST COMMONLY-USED BREED FOR GUIDE DOGS.
The Guide Dogs of America say their breed ratio is 70 percent Labrador retrievers, 15 percent golden retrievers, and 15 percent German shepherds. Labs are found to be the best breed for the job thanks to their strong desire to please. They’re also the right size, easily adaptable, and easily trained.
12. THEY CAN TELL YOU IF YOU HAVE CANCER.
Thanks to their powerful noses, Labrador retrievers have been trained to sniff out and identify early stages of cancer. Through work with cancer cell samples, dogs can learn to smell the disease. The canine doctors can make a diagnosis by smelling a patient’s breath, blood, or stool. So far, the only known way to screen for easy stages of ovarian cancer is by letting a lab sniff the patient—they have very high success rates. Scientists believe the labs sniff out changes in volatile organic compounds that suggest cancer…